Macau limits operators to 6,000 gaming tables and 12,000 machines

Macau chief executive Ho Iat-Seng has set a limit of 6,000 gaming tables and 12,000 machines per operator, as part of the major reforms coming into effect in the special administrative region.


The news follows the June passing of a major overhaul to Macau gaming law which stated that there would be maximum table and machine numbers as well as minimum GGR requirements, and that the exact numbers would be defined at a later date by the chief executive.

The dispatch outlined the table and machine numbers to be capped at 6,000 and 12,000 respectively for each of the six concessionaires. The order is set to come into effect on 1 January 2023, as the new legal regime begins to operate.

The minimum annual GGR for tables on the other hand will be MOP7m (£739,385/ $868,317/ €866,125), and MOP300,000 for machines. This means that operators that bring in less revenue may find the number of machines they are permitted to operate to be below the overall limit.

The reforms are most significant alterations to the gaming law in Macau since the liberalisation of the sector in 2002. The law raised the number of concessionaires to six, but removed sub-concessionaires – effectively keeping the number of operators the same. In addition to the new table rules, new rules will be enforced limiting the number of junkets each concessionaire can deal with to one.

While the new law also includes a subtle tax rise by increasing the general tax-rate on GGR to 40%, there is some ambiguity regarding how high the de-facto rate will be, as rules allow the chief executive discretion in providing a tax break of up to 5%. The law states that this will be tied to the success of the casinos in attracting foreign custom.

The gaming reforms have been broadly welcomed by the current operators. Melco Resorts & Entertainment said that the new law “refines the relevant legal framework and promotes the sustainable and healthy development of Macao’s gaming industry for the benefit of the Macau community.”

The public tender process for the new concessions has already begun and will run to 14 September. The new concessions will enter force the after the current licences expire on 31 December this year. The bidding process follows the previous six-month extension to licences due to the consequences of the continuing Covid-19 pandemic.